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The FODMAP Diet is temporary learning diet designed to help alleviate digestive symptoms in those who suffer from Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).
The word “FODMAP” is an acronym that represents categories of short-chain carbohydrates known to cause digestive issues like gas, bloating, diarrhea, constipation, and stomach pain in certain individuals.
Within the FODMAP acronym categories, there are a few common culprits.
Further ReadingComplete list of FODMAP foodsTop 45 FODMAP Ingredients
After starting the diet, you will move through each of the 3 phases.
Phase 1: Low FODMAP Diet (2-6 weeks)The goal of this phase is to identify any high FODMAP foods in your existing diet and make low FODMAP swaps. Common swaps include:
Phase 2: Reintroduction (6-8 weeks)The goal of this phase is to identify your triggers by reintroducing each FODMAP category back into your diet one by one. Here is an example of what this might look like:
Phase 3: PersonalizationAfter identifying your triggers, the goal of this final phase is to adopt a long-term FODMAP diet plan that suits you. This means avoiding foods that caused digestive issues during the reintroductions phase and continuing to reintroduce foods from categories that are well tolerated.
We highly recommend working with a FODMAP-trained dietitian to help you plan and execute each phase.
Research suggests that ~75% of IBS patients benefit from adopting the FODMAP Diet. Most patients notice a steep decline in digestive issues like bloating, gas, diarrhea, and stomach pain (1) (2).
In addition to IBS, some evidence suggests that the FODMAP Diet can help patients with overlapping IBS symptoms and Irritable Bowel Diseases (IBD) like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis (3).
If you suffer from IBS or IBD and have just started the FODMAP Diet, we highly recommend joining our Facebook Support Group in addition to downloading the Spoonful and Monash Apps.